Dr. Leander Jerome Dallas

apiary-1867537_640

Dr. Leander Jerome Dallas was born in Belmont county, Ohio on August 21st, 1812.  His parents were Robert Armstrong Dallas and Priscilla (Israel) Dallas.  I believe that Leander, or “Lander” as he was known to his family, was the oldest of fourteen children.

(I don’t like it when the only picture that I have to start out with is a picture of the headstone, so decided to use this bee apiary photograph instead. Keep reading to find out the significance!)

I was able to find out quite a lot about Leander from an 1894 article that was published in a book about the history of Ohio.  I later found the same article published in a Kansas history book.  As we travel through Leander’s life, I will be adding in quotes from this article and from many more that I found in various newspapers.

As I mentioned, it seems that Leander’s family called him Lander, but as he grew to adulthood and a prominent citizen of the community’s where he lived, I believe he went by L.J.  It was not uncommon for newspaper articles of the time to call a man by his initials, but in Leander’s case, every article is done that way, including his obituary.  Other men’s full names in the same articles where Leander is referred to as L.J.  I believe we can assume that that is what he went by.  Since this seems to be his preference, I will refer to him as L.J. from here on out.

From the Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio

“Leander J. Dallas, one of the earliest, most prominent and useful of the free-state pioneers of Kansas, was descended from the Scotch, born in Belmont county, Ohio in 1811, (Everything else points to 1812.), and the early members of the family had some tradition by which they showed a descent from the same ancestry as George M. Dallas, ex-Vice-President of  the United States. His father, Robert Dallas, was among the earliest pioneers of Ohio, and had quite a local prominence in its early history.  His mother’s maiden name was Priscilla Israel.

Dr. Dallas was educated in Kenyon College, at Gambier, Ohio, and subsequently studied medicine at Fairview, Guernsey county, Ohio, in the office of Dr. James Hood, and commenced to practice at Birmingham, Ohio where he remained but a short time.”

Bexley Hall (three-quarter view, mid to late 1870s), Kenyon College

This picture shows part of Kenyon College in about 1870.  L.J. would have studied there in the early 1830’s.  Kenyon College was the first college in Ohio. It opened in 1829, so I believe that L.J. would have been among the first students.  The buildings at the time were just log structures and apparently barely kept out the cold. You can read more about the college at the time here. 

On March 20th, 1838 L.J. married Nancy Beeks Hood. Nancy was the daughter of Dr. James Hood whom L.J. had studied medicine under.  I was actually able to find a photo of the actual marriage register. It’s not a good enough photo to add here, but still!

From the Centennial History of Belmont county, Ohio:

“He was married at Fairview, Ohio, December 11, 1838, (again, this article has the day wrong. The marriage register clearly says the 20th day of March, 1838.), to Miss Nancy B. Hood, daughter of Dr. James Hood, of that place, a lady of superior education and accomplishments…”

The couple moved to Sewellsville, Ohio where L.J. had a thriving practice and the families seven children were born.  (Sewellsville’s post office close in 1907.  It is listed as a ghost town now. I must go there!)

In 1841 Wilbur Fisk Dallas was born, he was L.J. and Nancy’s first child. Wilbur was followed by Everett Jerome in 1843, Walter Israel in 1844, Clinton Hood in 1848, Chester Emery in 1850 = (my own 2nd great-grandfather!), Mary Cordelia in 1853, and Adda Elizabeth in 1857. Thank goodness for Nancy that she was finally blessed with some girls after five rowdy boys!

I found several pieces of information during the Dallas families time in Sewellsville.

~From the Belmont County, Ohio 1853 Business DirectoryL.J. Dallas is listed in Sewellsville as Physician and Surgeon.

~From the Belmont Chronicle, and Farmers, Mechanics, and Manufacturers Advocate, dated 02 Sep 1853 – “To the Whig, Democrat and Freesoil nominees for Representatives and Senator of Belmont County and this Senatorial Dist.:  Gentlemen:-In discharge of a duty imposed upon us by a meeting of the Belmont County “Temperance Alliance”, held at Barnesville, Aug. 3d, 1853., and believing that it is our right and our indispensable duty to know the views and sentiments (on all subjects of legislation) of those claiming our suffrages, as legislators; therefore, to the end that we may vote understandingly, we respectfully take the liberty of putting to you individually, the following interrogatory:  Will you (if elected to the office for which you have been nominated) use influence, and vote in the next Legislature of Ohio, to secure the passage of law in Ohio for the suppression of the manufacture and sale of ardent spirits as a beverage, known as the “Maine Liquor Law,” or its equivalent.  By answering the above through the same channel that you receive this, you will much oblige many voters as well as      Your ob’t Servants, Wm. Smith, L.J. Dallas, Robt. Hamilton, Thos. Michner, W.H. Clark, Com. in behalf of the Alliance.

~From the Belmont Chronicle, and Farmers, Mechanics, and Manufacturers Advocate, dated 10 Oct 1853 – “Hendrysburgh, O. Sept. 28th, 1853.  The semi-annual session of Belmont County Council of the Sons and Daughters of Temperance met pursuant to adjournment in the Hall of the Sons of Temperance, …..(article goes on)… On motion it was Resolved That a committee of nine be appointed for the purpose of selecting such candidates from the three parties, that Temperance men could consistently vote for.   The President appointed the following persons on said committee;  Wm. J. Stubbles, John Morrow, Dr. Hamilton, Dr. Steel, Cornwell, John H. Johnson, Wm. Smith, L.J. Dallas, and R.S. Clark.”

~From the Belmont Chronicle, and Farmers, Mechanics, and Manufacturers Advocate, dated 14 Oct 1853Belmont County Fair – “JACKS, JENNETS & MULES, CLASS E – best single mule, L.J. Dallas

~From the Belmont Chronicle, and Farmers, Mechanics, and Manufacturers Advocate, dated 11 Oct 1855 -“Premiums Awarded at the Seventh Annual Fair of the Belmont Co. Agricultural Society, Held on the 3d, 4th, & 5th of October, 1855.  – Jacks, Jennets & Single Mules – L.J. Dallas 2nd, $1.00;   Poultry – Sears, Grestest and Best Display – L.J. Dallas, $3.00.

~From the Belmont Chronicle, and Farmers, Mechanics, and Manufacturers Advocate, dated 20 Mar 1856 – “Petitions, &c. – Mr. Hamilton presented the petition of L.J. Dallas and 26 others, of J. Waddell, and 4 others, and R. Nagor and 4 others, citizens of Belmont County for a prohibitory liquor law; for a law authorizing the payments of taxes in the townships; a law for the protection of game.”

It seems that Dr. Dallas was a teetotaler and very involved in the Temperance movement.  I love the blurbs about him showing his mules and chickens at the county fair. We grew up doing that and I love that tie to him.

In 1859, the Dallas family picked up stakes and moved to Kansas Territory.  They settled in what is now Douglas county, in an area that was known as Palmyra and was close to Baldwin City.

From the Centennial History of Belmont county, Ohio:

“He had a successful practice in Sewellsville, Ohio were he remained until he removed to Kansas in 1859, where he resumed his profession, gaining a large and successful practice.”

Now, just three miles from Baldwin City was what is considered the first battle of the Civil War. This was the Battle of Black Jack and took place in 1856, just a few years before L.J. and Nancy moved their family there.  Bleeding Kansas is the term used for this exact time period and place.  It begs the question, did L.J. know what was going on here before he moved his family here?  They seem to have thrived and done well. Maybe he went because doctors were needed?

What I do know is that he was just as involved with his community in Kansas as he had been in Ohio.

From the Centennial History of Belmont county, Ohio:

“He was a prominent member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and was among the most influential men in establishing Baker University. Originally a Whig, he became a Republican on the organization of the Republican party.”

Baker University was the first university in Kansas. It was founded by the Methodist church.

I did find a note in a Kansas paper that listed L.J. Dallas as a trustee of Baker University, and some information that Nancy was involved as well. Their son, Chester, went to school there.  Most likely some of the other Dallas boys did, too, I just haven’t done the research to find them there yet.

baker university - old castle museum - original building - baldwin city kansas

This is the original building of Baker University, now Old Castle Museum and still on the university grounds.

L.J. was also a beekeeper.

From the Centennial History of Belmont county, Ohio:

“In the latter period of his life he devoted himself to the propagation of bees and the production of honey. He made many discoveries in bee culture, and acquired the largest apiary in Kansas, was president of the State Bee Keeper’s Association, vice-president of the National Association, and was several times a delegate to the National Bee Keeper’s Association, taking several premiums for the quality of his bees and their productions.

A good deal of the latter part of his life was devoted to the cultivation of his excellent farm near Baldwin City, and especially to horticulture, in which he took great pride, but his particular branch was the scientific culture of the bee.”

In my research, I reached out to the Kansas State Honey Producers, formerly the Kansas Bee Keeper’s Association, to see if they had any more information on Dr. Dallas.  As far as they know, their organization was formed in 1903.  That very well may be because they simply don’t have any records before that period.  My contact is going to keep looking and let me know if he finds any other information. I promised to do the same for him!

I did, however, find an advertisement where L.J. is selling some bee’s.

~From the White Cloud Kansas Chief dated 28 May 1868: “Italian Bees. American Bee Hive. County Rights sold at $50 to $100; Township Rights, $20 to $40; Individual Rights, $5. Bee-Keeper’s Text Book, 40 cents by mail.  Italian Queens, $5 to $7, sent by express; safe arrival and purity warranted. Full stock of Italian Bees in American Hive, $20.   Send for circular. Minute directions for making American Hive will accompany all rights.   For further particulars, address:  L.J. Dallas & H. Barricklow, Baldwin City, Kansas.

L.J. was also involved in getting the railroad pushed through in his area of Kansas.

~From the Leavenworth Weekly Times, dated 10 Nov 1870 – “LAWRENCE & PAOLA RAILROAD.-We are glad to see that this enterprise is taking shape. A charter for the road has been obtained, and an organization of the company will be made on Thursday next, at Wellsville, after which we may expect some action taken toward the construction of the road. The corporators of the company are Elijah Sells and L.J. Dallas, Baldwin City; H.J. Canniff, Prairie City; P.P. Elder, Ottawa; G.W. Mitchler and Capt. Shannon, Paola; Gurdon Grovenor, P.D. Ridenour, Wm. H. Sells, Wm. M. Haseltine, W.C. Ransom and James S. Crew, Lawrence; and H.M. Brockway, Wellsville. – Paola Republican.

L.J.  was also an active member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows.

From the Centennial History of Belmont county, Ohio:

“He was a member of the Masonic fraternity, and was especially enthusiastic as an Odd Fellow, having been deputy grand master of Kansas in 1872.  The Grand Lodge was in session at the time of his death, and after passing resolutions in honor of his memory, adjourned to the following day in respect to his services as an Odd Fellow and his work as a citizen.”

~From the Weekly Kansas Chief, dated 17 Oct 1872: “I.O.O.F.- The Grand Lodge of Odd Fellows of Kansas held its annual meeting at Topeka, last week. The Order is in a flourishing pondition throughout the State. The following officers were elected for the coming year: George W. Martin, of Junction City, Grand Master; L.J. Dallas, of Baldwin City, Deputy Grand Master; Sidney S. Smith, of Columbus, Grand Warden; Samuel F. Burdett, of Leavenworth, Grand Secretary; James S. Crew, of Leavenworth, Grand Treasurer; Fred Speck, of Wyandotte, Grand Representative to the Grand Lodge of the United States. ”

It seems that L.J. was a very busy man, involved in many aspects of his community’s life.

Dr. Leander Jerome Dallas passed away on the 14th of October, 1874.   He had been sick for six weeks and passed away from what was called Bright’s Disease, a chronic inflammation of the kidney’s that most likely resulted in kidney failure.  He was 62 years old.

dallas, leander jerome headstone - baldwin city, kansas

~From the Weekly Kansas Chief, dated 22 Oct 1874: “DEATH OF DR. DALLAS.-The long illness of Dr. L.J. Dallas of Baldwin City, has at last terminated fatally.  The Doctor is an old resident of Douglas County, having lived here since 1859. Of late years he has paid great attention to apia-culture, and it was a pleasant sight to see him working about among his swarms of bees or extracting honey from the combs. He was a man of great intelligence, an earnest, faithful member of the Methodist Church, for many years one of the trustees of Baker University, and a man respected and loved by all who knew him. He was a constant subscriber to the Journal, and made as many a pleasant call when he visited town. May his memory be green.-Lawrence Journal, 16th.”

From the Centennial History of Belmont county, Ohio:

“His wife, Nancy, survives him and resides at the homestead in Douglas county. They reared seven children – Wilbur, a physician in Linn county, Kansas, married to Miss Mattie Churchill; Everett J., chief clerk of the division of dead letters in the post office department of the United States, and married to Miss Lizzie Campbell; Walter I., a prominent business man at Independence, Kansas; Clinton H., in business in Missouri, married to Miss Mary Keller; Chester E., residing on the homestead; Mary C., married to Henry C. Speer, a prominent educator and superintendent of public schools at Junction City; Addie E., residing with the family at the homestead.

Few men have done more for the promotion of good works, as a pioneer in establishing institutions of learning, good order, the cause of temperance, and the free institutions of Kansas, then Dr. Dallas. He was liberal-hearted and generous- a humane, upright man, whose memory will long be perpetuated for deeds of charity, and his devotion to the best interest of his State.”

dallas, leander jerome headstone plaque

Dr. Leander Jerome Dallas is buried at Oakwood Cemetery in Baldwin City, Kansas.

dallas, leander jerome lineage

(L.J. Dallas is my 3rd great-grandfather. )

Advertisements

Amy Mae Hovey Dallas

walter-and-amy-dallas

Amy grew up in the heart of Mormon country.  Her daddy had traveled over the Mormon Trail in an oxen drawn wagon and arrived in Utah when he was only 9 years old.

When Amy Mae Hovey was born on the 26th of August in 1885, the Hovey family lived in Millville, which is about 80 miles north of Salt Lake City.  Most families in the area were farmers or worked at one of the two local sawmills.  Amy’s father, Joseph, was listed on various census’ as both “Farmer” and “Woodcutter”, so I think we can safely bet that he not only farmed the land but also worked at one of the sawmills to supplement the families income.

Amy’s parents were Joseph Grafton Hovey II and Mary Ann Hulse Hovey.  Amy was the 8th born of twelve children. It must have been a busy and bustling family!  They were part of the LDS faith.  Home life would have been centered around family, work, school, and church.

When Amy was 22, her father passed away from an enlarged heart. Her youngest sister was only 10 years old.

On December 22, 1909, Amy married Walter Clark Dallas in Clawson, Idaho.  Clawson is a small town in Teton county, Idaho.  Amy’s life would be full of excitement and adventure as Walter’s wife.  The first year of their marriage, the couple lived as boarders in Jackson, Wyoming where Walter was working as a government fur trapper.

On the 24th of April, 1911, Amy and Walter welcomed their first child, Irma Ann followed by a son, Walter Hovey in 1912.  All told, they would have eleven children.  My own grandmother, Leoma Nesta was born on April 28th, 1920.  She was the 7th of the twelve kids.

One family story is about the birth of the eleventh child, Mary Ireta.  Mary came too quickly and it seems that Walter helped Amy to deliver her right on the floor of their kitchen in Vinyard, Utah.  It was 1925 and Amy was 39 years old.

Their youngest son, Billy, was born two years later when the family had moved to Oregon.  The Dallas family was living in Jerome Prairie, Oregon and Walter was a gold miner.

By 1940, Walter and Amy had moved their family once again. They were living in rural Plumas county, California.  Walter was once again mining.

From everything we know, listening to my grandmother talk about her parents, it seems that Walter and Amy had a deep love for each other.  I’m sure that made it easier for her to uproot her family time and again to move on to the next adventure.  From Utah, to Idaho, to Wyoming, back to Utah, on to Oregon, and finally California.  They never stayed in one place for too long.

Walter died on June 7th, 1943.  They had been married for 34 years.

I remember seeing pictures of my great-grandmother Amy, pictures that I don’t have copies of, where the large goiter that she had was visible.  She was a beautiful lady, even with the goiter.  Grandma always said it was caused from an iodine deficiency, but knowing what I know now, Amy had severe thyroid problems.

Amy died on the 26th of November, 1944.  She passed away in the University of California Hospital in San Francisco, California.  I believe her death was due to complications of her thyroid disorder.  From family accounts, the doctors had wanted to remove it, but she was too afraid and did not have the surgery.

Dallas, Amy Mae Headstone - Oroville, California

Both Amy and Walter are buried in the Memorial Park Cemetery in Oroville, California.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

(Amy is my great-grandmother. She is the mother of Leoma Nesta Dallas Simmons, who is my own mom’s mother.)

 

 

 

Chester Emery Dallas

Dallas, Chester Emery Headstone

Chester Emery Dallas was born on the 18th of November, 1850.  His parents were Dr. Leander J. and Nancy B. (Hood) Dallas and they lived in Belmont, Ohio at the time.  Chester was the sixth of eight children.

By 1860, the Dallas family had moved to Palmyra in Kansas territory.  It seems that Chester’s father had given up practicing medicine and was farming instead.  In January of 1861, Kansas became the 34th state in the union.  By the next year, the Civil War had started and Kansas was a really rough place.  It seems that one of the very first battles of the war was fought right here in the area that they lived.  Scary stuff.

When Chester was 20 in 1870, he was working as a laborer in Chetopa, Kansas, according to the 1870 census.  I have found that he had been a student at Baker University in Baldwin City.  Chester had gone to work on a newspaper in Chetopa that was owned an operated by a past president of the university.   Chetopa is down on the Kansas Oklahoma border and was in the heart of Osage country.  The first post office was established there in 1867, just a few years before Chester shows up in Chetopa on the census.

Chester’s father passed away in 1874 when Chester was 23 years old.  By 1880, he had moved back home and was farming.  He’s shown as living with his mother, so I’m guessing that when his father died, he went home to take care of things.

On the 24th of November, 1881 Chester married Margaret “Maggie” Harker.  He was 31 years old and Maggie was 24.  From notes that my grandmother left with my uncle, the Dallas family was Scotch-Irish and Maggie was French-Canadian.  I haven’t been able to find pictures yet of either of them.

The couple welcomed a son, Walter Clark Dallas, on the 25th of November, 1884.  They were still living in the Palmyra, Kansas area.

In 1886, Maggie filed for divorce in Franklin county, Kansas.

In the 1900 census, Chester was listed as a widower and living in a boarding house in Mound City, Kansas.  Was he embarrassed that he was actually a divorcee, or did someone just get it wrong? He was a newspaper man, the publisher and editor of the Linn County Democratic Herald.

On the 25th of December, 1906, Chester remarried.  His new wife was named Helen Corn.  Chester was 60 years old,  still running the newspaper and the couple owned a home on Pine Street in Mound City.

By the 1930 census, right before his death, Chester was working as a real estate agent in Mound City.  Interesting!

Chester passed away on the 21st of May 1930 at 79 years old.  He is buried in the cemetery at La Cygne, Kansas.

There is so much more that I want to know about Chester’s life.  I feel a research trip to Kansas coming up.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

From:  Transactions of the Kansas State Historical Society, Volumes 1-2

J.W. Horner – The Chetopa Advance was started January 4, 1869, by Corey & Horner.  Mr. Corey retired in May, 1869.  January 4, 1870, S.A. Fitch purchased a half-interest and became joint proprietor and editor. John W. Horner was born at Harrisiburg, Penn in 1834; in 1855 graduated from the State Normal School of Michigan, and in 1858 at the Michigan State University; served in the army from May, 1861, till July, 1865 in all the positions from Lieutenant to Colonel of the Eighteenth Michigan Volunteers; came to Kansas in 1865; became President of Baker University, and in the fall of 1867 a professor in the State University; resigning after one year to engage in establishing the Advance. Of J.M. Cavanass, foreman of his office, Col. Horner says:  “He is a graduate of Baker University; a young man of excellent literary tastes, who never looses an hour, never swears, never smokes, never chews, never gets drunk, never loses his patience, never goes to see the girls.”  Chester Dallas, another employee, also a Baker University pupil, was equally virtuous. January 4, 1870, the paper took the name of the Southern Kansas Advance.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

(Chester is my 2nd great-grandfather on my mom’s side of the family.)

Dallas, Chester Emery Lineage

 

 

Walter Clark Dallas

walter-clark-dallas-abt-1917-juneau-alaskaWalter Clark Dallas was born November 25th, 1884 to Chester and Margaret “Maggie” (Harker) Dallas in Palmyra, Kansas, which is now part of Baldwin City.  (This picture is circa 1917 taken in Juneau, Alaska.)

walter-and-amy-dallas

On December 22nd, 1909, at the age of 25, Walter married Amy Mae Hovey in Millville, Utah.   In 1910, the couple was living in Jackson Hole, Wyoming where Walter had taken work as a government trapper for Yellowstone National Park.  He was one of the first game wardens in the park and was hired to keep the park safe for visitors, especially from wolves and bears.

walter-clark-dallas-1915-yellowstone-national-park

Walter is the one on the right here, pictured with another trapper in the park.

walter-clark-dallas-early-1900s-jackson-hole-wyoming

walter-clark-dallas-wyoming-1910

walter-clark-dallas-horseback-1900s-jackson-hole-wyoming

Walter and Amy’s three oldest boys were born during their years in Wyoming.  By 1918, Walter had registered for the draft for WWI and the family was back in Millville, Utah, where more children were born, including my grandmother, Leoma Nesta.  By 1927 the family had moved again, this time to Jerome Prairie, Oregon where son Billy was born.

walter-clark-dallas-sept-1939-probably-california

This picture was taken in September of 1939 when Walter was 54 years old.  They were living in Plumas county, California now and the 1940 census has Walter listed as a miner.  He passed away on June 7th, 1943 at the young age of 58 in Sacramento, California and is buried in the Memorial Park Cemetery in Oroville, California.

walter-clark-dallas-headstone

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

The following is an article that gives a little bit of information about Walter’s time working for ranchers in Wyoming.

(From Grand Teton Historic Resource Study)

Cattlemen’s associations were also important to ranchers in Jackson Hole. These associations represented the cooperative spirit of the westering experience. In the 1890s, a number of Jackson Hole ranchers belonged to the Wyoming Stock Growers’ Association, an organization formed to promote industry interests. Membership of Jackson Hole cattlemen in this state organization expanded from 19 in 1895 to 35 by 1910. In practical terms, local associations were more important. Ranchers formed these organizations based on common grazing allotments such as the Gros Ventre River or Blackrock Creek areas. Communal roundups and drives to and from grazing ranges required cooperative efforts. Groups of ranchers pooled money to hire line riders to watch cattle on summer range. At least one line shack, built to house hands, is extant in the Sportsman’s Ridge area in Teton National Forest.

Protecting cattle from predators, in particular the gray wolf, seems to have been the major motive for creating livestock associations in the valley’s early years. On May 21, 1914, the Courier reported that 15 wolves had killed a cow and four yearlings being trailed to summer range on the Gros Ventre. The cattle belonged to Preston Redmond. The next week Roy McBride and Redmond herded their cattle together to protect them from wolves and hired Jess Buchanan to watch the cattle at night. While at Crystal Creek, Buchanan reported that wolves would harass cattle on one side, while he patrolled the opposite side. Cowpunchers also stated that wolves pursued a “favorite pastime” of biting off the tails of calves. Wolves may have tried this as an alternative to hamstringing the animals, that is, bringing prey down by their hindquarters. In June, Roy McBride set out to hunt down the wolf packs. In July, ranchers formed the Fish Creek Wolf Association specifically to eradicate the wolf population on the Gros Ventre River. They hired Walter Dallas to hunt them, paying him $22 per month. In addition, they agreed to pay a bounty: $62 for a “she-dog,” $52 for dogs (males), and $22 for pups. The association offered a $1.50 bounty for coyotes. To pay Dallas’s wage and bounties, the association assessed each member 12 cents per head of cattle. This program eliminated the gray wolf in the area by the early 1920s.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

The following is a letter sent to Walter Dallas about his employment as a government trapper.  (I found this letter on ancestory.com)

9th November, 1915

Mr. Walter C. Dallas,

Jackson, Wyo.

Dear Mr. Dallas:-

I enclose herewith commission as deputy game warden without pay or bond, together with oath of office. Kindly certify to oath of office before a notary public and return same to me promptly.  I also enclose report blanks for use in reporting your time to this office.  You will be expected to cooperate with this department in the enforcement of the game laws, having full power to arrest any persons or persons violating this law and it being your duty to act in accordance with your commission.  I am mailing you copy of Wyoming game laws under separate cover.

You will commence active service as a trapper on the date when you were instructed by Mr. Seebohm, taking in the territory assigned you by Mr. Seebohm.  You will be expected to trap for wolves and coyotes or other predatory animals, using diligent efforts in this respect and you will be paid at the rate of $50.00 per month for such service, you to retain all pelts and collect for bounties.  Regarding your report, you will be expected to report promptly when you are near a postoffice, using the monthly report blank, stating the dates and territory covered on such dates, your location and number and kind of predatory animals trapped or killed.  Of course you will not be compelled to trap wolves or coyotes, but you will such means of exterminating them as you deem advisable.  It will be your duty to protect the game in your district, and prevent the unlawful killing thereof by any person or persons, notifying this office of any arrest made by you.  Any information you may desire may be obtained at any time from either Mr. Seebohm or this office.  I beg to state that we want results in the trapping or killing of the wolves in your district, and assure you that your cooperation in this respect will be highly appreciated.  Wishing you success, I remain,

Very truly yours,

Nate P. Wilson

State Game Warden

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

(Walter is my great-grandfather.  He is the father of Leoma Nesta (Dallas) Simmons)